International Labour Office, Table 8a. Unemployment (LFS), published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM). Fifth Edition, CD-ROM version (ISBN 978-92-2-020126-8). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm/ (accessed Oct 2007).
European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat)
Refers to civilian labour force only
Information on population coverage not available
Coverage limitation: Excluding students
Geographic limitation: Urban areas
Geographic limitation: 28 urban agglomerations
Geographic limitation: Curaçao
Geographic limitation: Excluding Chathams, Antarctic Territory and other minor offshore islands
Geographic limitation: Excluding Kosovo and Metohia
Geographic limitation: Excluding Leh ad Kargil districts of Jammu and Kashmi, certain interior villages of Nagaland and villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Notes: Data are based on the national sample survey conducted every five years
Geographic limitation: Excluding persons living in the Yukon, in Nunavut and in the North West Territories
Geographic limitation: Excluding Puerto Rico, Guam, the US Virgin Islands and American Samoa
Geographic limitation: Excluding the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay
Geographic limitation: Excluding the Northern province
Geographic limitation: Excluding the provinces of Gracias a Dios and Islas de la Bahía
Geographic limitation: Excluding the rural population of Rondônia, Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Pará and Amapá
Geographic limitation: Mainland France (excluding territories)
Geographic limitation: Metropolitan Lima
Geographic limitation: Tanganyika
Notes: Estimates are based on a socio-demographic survey
Notes: Estimates based on 1993 census results
Notes: Estimates based on 2000 census results
Notes: The criteria of availability for work is not verified
The adult unemployment rate refers to the proportion of the adult (aged 15 years and older) labour force that is unemployed, unless otherwise specified. The unemployed are persons who are currently without work, who are currently available for work, and who are seeking or have sought work recently. The base for these statistics is the labour force (that is, the economically active portion of the population), not the total population.
The International Conference of Labour Statisticians adopted the following definition of the unemployed as an international recommendation in 1982: All persons who during the reference period were: (1) « without work », that is, were not in paid employment or self-employment as specified by the international definition of employment; (2) « currently available for work », that is, were available for paid employment or self-employment during the reference period; or (3) « seeking work », that is, had taken specific steps in a specified recent period to seek paid employment or self-employment.
National definitions of unemployment may differ from the recommended international standard definition. The national definitions used vary from one country to another as regards inter alia age limits, reference periods, criteria for seeking work, treatment of persons temporarily laid off and of persons seeking work for the first time. Inter-country comparisons are further hampered by the variety of types of sources used to obtain information on unemployment and the differences in the scope and coverage of such sources.