GD038- DAC Guiding principles for aid effectiveness, gender equality and women’s empowerment – OECD
These Guiding Principles focus primarily on the opportunities for using the implementation of the Paris Declaration’s principles and commitments to: Harmonise approaches to support for gender equality; Implement concrete actions, focussed on results and impacts; Be responsible and accountable for those actions and for agreed commitments on gender equality and women’s empowerment.
Lessons from Sub-regional Consultations in Africa This Discussion Paper outlines a capacity development strategy for advancing development effectiveness and gender equality in the new aid agenda.
[.pdf] GD116- Aid in Support of Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment – Donor Charts – March 2013
Charts (2010-2011) summarising statistics on aid focused on gender equality and women’s empowerment extended by each DAC member. Information shown includes the gender equality policy marker coverage, the top ten recipients and a sector breakdown of aid focused on gender equality and women’s empowerment.
This report is based on replies by the 24 countries that chose to test the gender equality module of the 2011 Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey: Albania, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Gabon, Honduras, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Peru, Rwanda, Togo and Zambia.
Report of a UN Women’s multi-country study in Cambodia, Vietnam, Guatemala, Peru, Morocco and Mozambique, to document how far these countries have progressed in terms of the inclusion of a gender perspective in their aid effectiveness processes, and to what extent CSOs participate and are able to oversee the implementation and results. The study, Supporting the Monitoring of Aid Effectiveness from a Gender Perspective, was conducted in Cambodia by ActionAid Cambodia from September 2011 to March 2012.
This research report has been generated as part of a UNIFEM programme, “Integrating gender responsive budgeting into the aid effectiveness agenda”. The programme is funded by the European Commission (EC) and consists of research and programmatic technical assistance. The three-year programme seeks to demonstrate how gender responsive budgeting (GRB) tools and strategies contribute to enhancing a positive impact on gender equality of aid provided in the form of General Budget Support (GBS). In the first stage of the programme, research was carried out in ten developing countries (Mozambique, Morocco, India, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Nepal, Cameroon, Peru and Ethiopia) in July 2008. The research aimed to investigate how GRB tools and strategies have been used in the context of currently used aid modalities-specifically general budget support (GBS) and sector budget support (SBS). The studies were conducted in the third quarter of 2008.
This report presents the findings from four case studies of development assistance in the Pacific region, which illustrate how a focus on gender equality has fared in the context of the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. Additionally, the authors have drawn upon contemporary literature and their collective Pacific-based aid and development experiences to inform these findings and to make recommendations about how aid and gender effectiveness can be enhanced. The strengthening of existing development policies and practices as well as the introduction of new gendered practices by the commissioning agencies – NZAID and AusAID – can facilitate the vital outcome of aid and gender effectiveness for citizens. The four case studies were located in Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, and across the Pacific region. These case studies traversed a range of modalities and sectors, including HIV/AIDS; community development; roads; and policing. Each case study was operating at either the micro, meso or macro levels, and all had different approaches to gender.
[.pdf] GD121- Aid Effectiveness and Women’s Rights Series – An Overview of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness & the New Aid Modalities
The purpose for creating this set of Primers, Understanding the Aid Effectiveness Agenda is to share critical information and analysis with women’s rights advocates about the new aid architecture that has emerged as a result of the Paris Declaration (PD)—the most recent donor-recipient countries agreement designed to increase the impact of aid. The Aid effectiveness agenda born out of the PD currently determines how and to whom aid is being delivered as well as how donor and recipient countries relate to one another. Aid distribution is clearly not simply a mechanistic process, but rather a political one. We hope that the facts and issues discussed within these primers will encourage women’s rights advocates and CSOs to join in the process of calling for a more comprehensive, balanced, and inclusive approach to reforming aid so that it reaches the people who need it most, including women!
This report provides an overview of the issues and trends that emerged from mapping studies on aid effectiveness, gender equality and women’s empowerment in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia and Ghana. The studies were carried out within the context of the EC/UN Partnership on Gender Equality for Development and Peace, a programme jointly supported and implemented by the European Commission (EC), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), and the International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization (ITC/ILO).
A steering group from regional offices of DFID, UNIFEM and the World Bank decided to deepen mutual understanding amongst development practitioners of the challenges and opportunities for implementation of gender equality objectives through the Paris Declaration in SE Asia. The workshop was held in Bangkok on 2‐3 April 2007. The purpose of this report is to summarise the issues and views emerging from the case studies and the workshop.
[.pdf] GD124- Gender Campus – The Global Development Agenda – Tools for Gender-Sensitive Planning and Implementation – Training Strategy and Trainer’s Guide
This document proposes guidance for trainers as a part of the capacity building component of the EC/UN Partnership on Gender Equality for Development and Peace. The Partnership is a global initiative that involves the European Commission (EC), the United Nations Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and the International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization (ITCILO), and aims to identify approaches with which to integrate gender equality and women’s human rights into new aid modalities, in accordance with the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. This document describes the features of the modular training course “The global development agenda: tools for gender-sensitive planning and implementation”, which was designed to be delivered both online and face-to-face. Each of the nine training modules can be adapted to different contexts, studied independently, or combined with others. The modular structure will allow facilitators to select contents from the training menu, to design a training programme adapted to the audience, to implement either sensitization or practical training sessions.
Tool T1: Promoting gender equality through stakeholder participation; Tool T2: Increasing gender influence in policy making; Tool T3.1: Gender scan of poverty reduction strategy/Swap;
Tool T3.2: Checklist for gender scanning Prs or Swaps; Tool T4: Checklist for Ex Ante screening of gender sensitivity of poverty reduction strategies, sector programmes and macro-economic policies; Tool T5: Key notions for analysing and monitoring budgets from a gender perspective; Tool T6: Working in partnership to keep gender on the policy agenda;
Tool T7: Grid for the mid-term review of the CSPs.
Gender and Aid Effectiveness Glossary
This Module equips you with the basic tools to adopt a “gender approach to development”. Unit A “Why?” illustrates the rationale for the promotion of gender equality in development, and gives an overview of the international legal and policy frameworks supporting gender equality and women’s empowerment. Unit B “What?” familiarises you with the basic concepts and terminology related to the “gender discourse”. Unit C “How” gives a brief overview of the methodological approaches to gender equality and illustrates practical tools for gender mainstreaming in development processes.
This module provides some essential tools for mainstreaming gender equality in development cooperation.Unit A offers an overview of gender analysis as a systematic attempt to identify key issues contributing to gender inequalities so that they can be properly addressed. Gender analysis provides the basis for gender mainstreaming, and is also needed to determine whether specific measures are needed for women or men in addition to mainstreaming activities. Gender analysis should be conducted at all levels, from the grassroots (the micro level) through intermediate levels (meso level) such as service delivery systems, to the highest political levels (macro level), and across all sectors and programmes of development cooperation. Unit B introduces participants to the basic concepts relating to gender-sensitive indicators, which are needed to measure progress towards targets which themselves need to be gender-sensitive. A prerequisite for conducting sound gender analysis, as well as for the establishment of gender-sensitive indicators, is the availability of statistical data disaggregated by sex and other more qualitative types of information reflecting differences between women and men.
[.pdf] …GD124e- Gender Campus Module 1 – Aid Effectiveness, the “New” Aid Architecture and Gender Equality
This module examines how the “new” aid architecture and the aid effectiveness agenda can positively contribute to gender equality and women’s empowerment, and includes an analysis of the gender dimension of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005).
[.pdf] …GD124f- Gender Campus Module 2 – Aid Effectiveness for Development Results – Which Indicators for Gender Equality
The module presents a set of gender-sensitive indicators for monitoring implementation of the Paris Declaration, an instrument which focuses on making aid delivery more effective, accountable, transparent and in line with national poverty reductions plans. The indicators were endorsed by the Accra International Women’s Forum as a contribution to the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (August 2008). These indicators can assist
governments and civil society in monitoring the “gender-sensitivity” of aid processes, and their effective contribution to the achievement of international and national gender equality objectives.
The first part of the module introduces the rationale for and benefits of increased national and international partnership in order to promote financing of gender equality and women’s empowerment. The module then presents some examples of tools that can be used, first, to estimate the costs of attaining gender equality goals; and second, to plan and monitor expenditures relating to the advancement of gender-sensitive development objectives. This will include (i) a framework for costing MDGs and in particular MDG3, the OECD Gender Marker, so as to facilitate appraisal of the extent to which development aid contributes to gender equality; and (ii) an overview of approaches to and tools for Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB).
This Module addresses development planning frameworks from the perspective of gender equality and proposes entry points, strategies and tools to ensure that these processes contribute to advancing the gender equality agenda. It also looks at the linkages between country-led national development planning and the management of aid flows. The first part of the module considers national planning frameworks and in particular Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRSs), which provide a country-owned framework to guide policy dialogue, effective programming and disbursement of cooperation aid. The second part of the module introduces Programme-Based Approaches which allow donors to engage in development cooperation based on the principle of coordinated support for a locally-owned programme of development. Specific focus will be given to Sector Wide Approaches (SWAps) which are widely gaining momentum within the framework of donor programming in support of priority sectors as designated in the country’s PRSP.
This Module addresses the gender implications of those planning frameworks and aid delivery mechanisms used by donors to support national development plans and poverty reduction strategies.
Coherence between social and economic policies is a crucial element in ensuring that development frameworks are equitable and sustainable. Productive and freely-chosen employment is closely interlinked with development, both as an objective to be pursued in its own right and as a means of reducing poverty. For this reason full and productive employment and decent work for all has recently been included as a target to help pave the way towards the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG1), the eradication of poverty. The ILO concept of Decent Work targets both the quantity and the quality of employment, and offers an integrated framework for action in which gender equality plays a crucial role: the differential roles, positions and contributions of women and men in the world of work still pose numerous challenges that need to be addressed at all levels and in all sectors of development planning. This module addresses the inter-linkages between gender equality, decent and productive employment, and aid effectiveness. It offers some examples of how the promotion of “Decent Work” in development planning offers opportunities and entry points for enhancing development effectiveness and advancing gender equality in the context of the new aid architecture.
This module explores the gender dimension of the aid effectiveness agenda in regard to the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on Women, Peace and Security and Security Council resolution 1820 (2008) which recognises sexual violence in conflict as a tactic of war. The first part of the module provides a broad overview of the aid effectiveness agenda and in particular the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action and their implications for gender equality. In the second part, the module discusses in detail the key elements and principles of the UN SCRs 1325 and 1820. The connections between and relevance of the Paris Declaration principles and SCRs 1325 and 1820 are explored in the third part – with a particular focus on identifying key challenges and also entry points for strengthening the linkages and thereby accelerate the implementation of SCRs 1325 and 1820 within the framework of the aid effectiveness agenda. Case study examples to illustrate ongoing efforts in implementing SCR 1325 are provided wherever relevant. A specific example of the European Commission’s best practices and instruments that can be used to secure funding in support of women, peace and security is provided in Annex 1.
[.pdf] GD125- Development Cooperation Beyond the Aid Effectiveness Paradigm – A women’s rights perspective
The failures of the current predominant patriarchal and neoliberal model of growth and development are more apparent than ever and have never been so widely acknowledged: even the establishment is showing interest in the need for a new development model and a new multilateralism.3 Yet, there is no easy answer on how to build a more inclusive and democratic international system. A new system that delivers for those who have been historically marginalised, many of whom—due to socially constructed roles and gender norms—are women. In order to explore alternatives or to bring existing proposals to decision-making tables and build a new governance system, it is essential to think holistically from the start. This involves understanding the different interlinked channels through which the crisis is transmitted and the processes, politics, and power imbalances in which they are embedded.
This Issues Brief aims to make a contribution to thinking on development effectiveness by suggesting four categories under which it can be understood, based on how different aid actors describe and use the term1. The four categories consider development effectiveness as: 1) organizational effectiveness; 2) coherence or coordination; 3) development outcomes from aid; and 4) overall development outcomes. This research is not exhaustive, but rather represents a starting point for further discussion, and is part of a broader NSI research agenda on development effectiveness. Future studies will benefit by including more aid actors and sources, and in particular by consulting with Southern stakeholders.
This brief looks into gender equality as an essential development goal and how the current models governing development assistance undermine the protection and fulfillment of women’s rights. It also draws some recommendations on how development aid can genuinely transform women’s disadvantage and support the empowerment of both women and men to make significant changes in the developing world.
In 2000, 189 UN member states adopted the Millennium Declaration, which distils the key goals and targets agreed at the international conferences and world summits during the 1990s. Drawing on the Declaration, the UN system drew up eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to provide a set of benchmarks to measure progress towards the eradication of global poverty. MDG 3 interprets gender equality very narrowly, and there is growing recognition that the targets and indicators that frame the goal on gender equality and women’s empowerment are too limited. Nevertheless, half the MDGs now have targets directly related to gender equality and women’s empowerment: MDG 1on decent work for women; MDGs 2 and 3 on girls’ education; and MDG 5 on maternal mortality and sexual and reproductive health. A review of progress related to MDG 3, as well as the targets related to women’s sexual and reproductive health, shows that progress towards gender equality has been uneven over the past 10 years. With only five years to go until the deadline for reaching the MDGs, we are now at a critical juncture to reflect on where and how countries have managed to achieve progress, and what lessons can be drawn to accelerate progress in countries where it has been too slow.