This training manual incorporates the experiences and ideas discussed at the national training workshop on disability and gender which took place in December 2006 in Netherlands. The purpose of this training manual is to provide a tool that will enable the reader to learn from best practice examples currently applied in specific areas of disability and development work. The training manual will also inform the reader on how to reproduce a similar training module in the future under different circumstances, as a way to spread knowledge and to reach out to an increasingly wide audience.
In this paper DFID uses the experience of gender mainstreaming as a lens through which to view and reflect on some of the proposals for mainstreaming disability in development.
Disability Rights, Gender, and Development: A Resource Tool for Action provides valuable insights on the theory and practice of human rights-based approaches to development and contributes to this body of knowledge by designing innovative approaches to the implementation of the CPRD (Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) in gender and child sensitive development activities. Building on existing experience in other human rights conventions, with a focus on the linkages among the CRPD, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the resource manual is designed to provide an intersectional analysis of the different treaties and build capacity among all stake holders to use the normative frameworks of the different conventions within a holistic framework of interrelated rights.
Part 1 of the paper asserts the links between disability and human rights by highlighting the relationship between disability, gender and development by examining the ways in which poverty, environmental factors and gender issues determine access to health services by physically impaired women, men and young people in South Asia. It discusses the impact of gender relations on disability and suggest that the social construct of gender roles in society greatly affects the ways in which disabled women and men are perceived by others around them, their ability or otherwise to live with the disability and their access to rehabilitation services. Within the context of good governance, the paper reviews good approaches to rehabilitation service delivery that reflect the realties of life experiences of disabled women and men. The popularity of community based programmes in South Asia is discussed asan effective operational strategy for poor under-resourced countries. In Part 2 of the paper the case study of a community hospital in Bangladesh specialising in the provision of medical care and rehabilitation services for paralysed women, men and children is used as a basis to examine the extent to which a uniqueand specialised service was able to meet the gender needs of its patients.
This document aims to provide a consolidated set of guidelines to identify and address the issues affecting people with disabilities in poverty reduction strategies. These will assist people in the identification, design, preparation, and implementation of projects. The main contribution of this document is that it provides the information and analytical tools for identifying the extent to which disability is a development issue; and for analyzing, identifying, and addressing the needs of people with disabilities within development. The tools include a disability checklist, consisting of a set of key questions for investigation; suggestions for including disability in programming; resources agencies and literature to access for more knowledge on disability issues; strategies for implementation; and case studies.
Currently, very little gender-specific work is inclusive of women with a disability. There is a need for organisations working in the field of women and gender to better understand how disability is experienced. The information in this resource is relevant for both women-specific activities along with gender programs.
This guide, fundamentally technical in character, seeks to explore how to effectively include women and girls with disabilities in different areas of life, often overlooked in public policies, and to offer guidance to policy makers and third-sector activists on the topic. The main threads throughout the guide are the two benchmark United Nations treaties: the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, CRPD, and the 2nd Manifesto on the Rights of Women and Girls with Disabilities in the European Union – A toolkit for activists and policymakers, adopted by the General Assembly of the European Disability Forum in May 2011, on which the contents of the guide are based. In eleven chapters the guide covers a number of themes including accessibility, independent living, training and employment, education, violence and abuse, health and sexual and reproductive rights, among others, under the guiding principles of equality and non-discrimination on the basis of gender or disability.
This review examines recent policies of major multilateral and bilateral agencies, which they have employed to include disability in development aid. It also provides, whenever possible, examples of their programs. This review does not assess the merits or impact of those policies or practices; it only provides their mapping. The content of the summaries of individual organizations and agencies updates and extends previous compilation efforts by Inclusion International (2005 a, b), Disability Awareness in Action (1995), Handicap International/ Christoffel-Blindenmission (2006), and United Nations (2009). The review indicates the following five emerging trends: (i) disability has become a part of international cooperation and development aid; (ii) international cooperation policies often link disability to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); (iii) the agencies often combine several approaches to frame the inclusion of disability in development, including human rights, participation, inclusion and development; (iv) disability is included both through specific/ targeted and mainstreaming/ inclusion/integration programs; and (v) approaches, policies and programs are dynamic and have changed over time.
This Guidance Note offers a practical guide to integrating social analysis and disability-inclusive development into sector and thematic projects and programs of the World Bank. Based on the Social Analysis Sourcebook, the Note provides an easy-to-access resource for the social analysis of disability. The Guidance Note examines disability via sectors, cross-cutting issues, as well as by each of the Bank’s Regions. It also demonstrates how to ensure disability-inclusive development in the project cycle. The 12 boxes found throughout the following text, highlight a cornucopia of disability-related issues from human rights to institutional barriers for youth with disabilities. The seven annexes offer additional in depth information: Disability Policy checklists, sample Terms of References (TOR), an extensive reference list and a list of resources available on the Internet. This guidance note is not intended to promote special or separate disability and development projects, but rather to assist Bank projects in better incorporating the needs and concerns of people with disabilities, as well as integrating a disability perspective into ongoing sector and thematic work programs, and to adopt an integrated and inclusive approach to disability.
Editor: Cem Mete
Published: February 2008
Disability, Poverty, and Schooling in Developing Countries:
Results from 14 Household Surveys
Journal title: World Bank Economic Review, volume 22, issue 1
Author: Filmer, Deon