International Labour Office Table 3. Status in employment, published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM). Fifth Edition, CD-ROM version (ISBN 978-92-2-020126-8). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm/ (accessed Oct 2007).
The distribution of workers of each sex by status in employment is shown for employees, employers, own-account workers and contributing family workers only. These groups may not sum to 100 per cent, because members of producers’ cooperatives and workers not classifiable by status are not shown.
The four groups are as defined in the International Classification by Status in Employment (ICSE-1993):
Employees are all those workers who hold the type of job defined as « paid employment jobs ». Paid employment jobs are those jobs where the workers hold an explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contract that provides a basic remuneration which is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work. Some or all of the tools, capital equipment, information systems and/or premises used by the workers may be owned by others, and the workers may perform their duties under direct supervision of, or according to strict guidelines set by the owner or persons in the owners’ employment.
Employers are those workers who, working on their own-account or with one or few partners, hold the type of job defined as a « self-employment job » and, in this capacity, on a continuous basis (including the reference period) have engaged one or more persons to work for them in their business as « employee(s) ». Self-employment jobs are those jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits (or the potential profits) derived from the goods and services produced (where own consumption is considered to be part of the profits).
Own-account workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or more partners, hold a « self-employment job » and have not engaged on a continuous basis any « employees » to work for them during the reference period.
Contributing family workers are those workers who hold a « self-employment » job in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household, who cannot be regarded as a partner, because their degree of commitment to the operation of the establishment, in terms of working time or other factors to be determined by national circumstances, is not at a level comparable to that of the head of the establishment. (Where it is customary for young persons, in particular, to work without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a related person who does not live in the same household, the requirement of « living in the same household » may be eliminated.).
(Source: United Nations Statistics Division)