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Economic activity
Last update: Dec 2007
Country or area
Afghanistan
2006
40
88
29
Albania
2006
49
70
42
Algeria
2006
37
80
31
Angola
2006
74
92
46
Argentina
2006
54
76
43
Armenia
2006
48
60
49
Australia
2006
56
70
45
Austria
2006
50
66
45
Azerbaijan
2006
61
73
48
Bahamas
2006
64
71
49
Bahrain
2006
29
87
19
Bangladesh
2006
52
86
37
Barbados
2006
65
79
47
Belarus
2006
53
64
49
Belgium
2006
44
60
44
Belize
2006
44
83
35
Benin
2006
54
86
38
Bhutan
2006
49
81
34
Bolivia
2006
63
84
44
Bosnia and Herzegovina
2006
59
68
49
Botswana
2006
46
70
40
Brazil
2006
57
79
43
Brunei Darussalam
2006
44
79
34
Bulgaria
2006
40
52
46
Burkina Faso
2006
78
89
47
Burundi
2006
92
93
52
Cambodia
2006
75
80
51
Cameroon
2006
52
80
40
Canada
2006
61
72
47
Cape Verde
2006
34
76
34
Central African Republic
2006
71
89
46
Chad
2006
66
78
47
Chile
2006
37
70
36
China
2006
69
82
44
Colombia
2006
62
81
45
Comoros
2006
58
87
40
Congo
2006
57
88
40
Congo, Democratic Republic of
2006
61
91
41
Costa Rica
2006
46
81
36
Croatia
2006
45
60
45
Cuba
2006
44
73
38
Cyprus
2006
54
70
46
Czech Republic
2006
52
67
45
Côte d’Ivoire
2006
39
89
29
Denmark
2006
59
69
47
Djibouti
2006
53
83
39
Dominican Republic
2006
47
82
37
East Timor
2006
56
83
40
Ecuador
2006
61
82
43
Egypt
2006
20
73
22
El Salvador
2006
48
75
41
Equatorial Guinea
2006
51
91
37
Eritrea
2006
58
90
41
Estonia
2006
52
65
49
Ethiopia
2006
71
89
45
Fiji
2006
52
80
39
Finland
2006
57
66
48
France
2006
48
61
46
French Guiana
2006
64
72
47
French Polynesia
2006
47
72
38
Gabon
2006
62
83
43
Gambia
2006
59
86
41
Georgia
2006
49
76
43
Germany
2006
51
65
46
Ghana
2006
70
75
48
Greece
2006
44
65
41
Guadeloupe
2006
60
70
49
Guam
2006
52
79
39
Guatemala
2006
34
83
31
Guinea
2006
80
87
48
Guinea-Bissau
2006
61
93
41
Guyana
2006
43
82
33
Haiti
2006
56
84
41
Honduras
2006
55
89
40
Hong Kong, China
2006
54
70
46
Hungary
2006
42
58
45
Iceland
2006
71
82
47
India
2006
34
82
28
Indonesia
2006
51
85
38
Iran, Islamic Republic of
2006
40
74
35
Iraq
2006
20
78
20
Ireland
2006
54
72
43
Israel
2006
51
59
47
Italy
2006
38
61
40
Jamaica
2006
54
74
44
Japan
2006
48
73
41
Jordan
2006
28
77
26
Kazakhstan
2006
66
76
50
Kenya
2006
70
90
44
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of
2006
48
78
39
Korea, Republic of
2006
50
74
41
Kuwait
2006
50
85
26
Kyrgyzstan
2006
55
74
44
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
2006
54
80
41
Latvia
2006
49
64
48
Lebanon
2006
34
80
31
Lesotho
2006
46
74
44
Liberia
2006
55
83
40
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
2006
35
82
28
Lithuania
2006
52
64
49
Luxembourg
2006
45
64
42
Macau, China
2006
62
75
48
Madagascar
2006
79
86
48
Malawi
2006
86
90
50
Malaysia
2006
47
81
36
Maldives
2006
50
72
40
Mali
2006
72
82
49
Malta
2006
36
69
35
Martinique
2006
56
64
50
Mauritania
2006
54
84
39
Mauritius
2006
43
79
36
Mexico
2006
40
80
35
Mongolia
2006
54
82
40
Morocco
2006
27
80
26
Mozambique
2006
85
83
53
Myanmar
2006
68
86
45
Namibia
2006
47
63
44
Nepal
2006
50
78
41
Netherlands
2006
57
73
45
Netherlands Antilles
2006
52
70
47
New Caledonia
2006
43
70
38
New Zealand
2006
61
74
47
Nicaragua
2006
36
86
30
Niger
2006
71
95
43
Nigeria
2006
46
85
35
Norway
2006
64
73
48
Oman
2006
24
81
17
Pakistan
2006
33
83
27
Panama
2006
52
79
39
Papua New Guinea
2006
72
75
49
Paraguay
2006
65
84
43
Peru
2006
60
82
43
Philippines
2006
56
83
40
Poland
2006
47
61
46
Portugal
2006
56
70
47
Puerto Rico
2006
38
59
42
Qatar
2006
37
89
14
Republic of Moldova
2006
54
68
47
Romania
2006
50
62
46
Russian Federation
2006
55
68
49
Rwanda
2006
80
84
52
Réunion
2006
39
60
41
Saint Lucia
2006
55
80
42
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
2006
55
80
41
Samoa
2006
39
77
32
Sao Tome and Principe
2006
29
75
30
Saudi Arabia
2006
18
80
14
Senegal
2006
56
81
41
Serbia and Montenegro
2006
51
70
43
Sierra Leone
2006
56
94
39
Singapore
2006
50
76
40
Slovakia
2006
52
68
45
Slovenia
2006
54
67
46
Solomon Islands
2006
54
82
38
Somalia
2006
59
95
39
South Africa
2006
46
79
38
Spain
2006
45
67
41
Sri Lanka
2006
35
76
32
Sudan
2006
24
71
25
Suriname
2006
34
65
35
Swaziland
2006
32
75
32
Sweden
2006
59
67
47
Switzerland
2006
61
75
47
Syrian Arab Republic
2006
39
88
31
Tajikistan
2006
46
62
44
Tanzania, United Republic of
2006
86
90
50
Thailand
2006
66
81
47
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoni
2006
41
65
39
Togo
2006
50
90
37
Tonga
2006
45
73
38
Trinidad and Tobago
2006
47
77
39
Tunisia
2006
29
75
28
Turkey
2006
28
76
27
Turkmenistan
2006
61
73
47
Uganda
2006
80
86
49
Ukraine
2006
50
64
48
United Arab Emirates
2006
41
93
15
United Kingdom
2006
55
69
46
United States
2006
60
73
46
United States Virgin Islands
2006
53
70
46
Uruguay
2006
57
78
45
Uzbekistan
2006
57
73
45
Vanuatu
2006
80
88
47
Venezuela
2006
59
84
42
Viet Nam
2006
72
78
48
West Bank and Gaza Strip
2006
10
66
13
Yemen
2006
28
Zambia
2006
43
Zimbabwe
2006
44

Sources:

Adult economic activity rate
International Labour Office, Table 1. Labour force participation rate, published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) Fifth Edition, CD-ROM version (ISBN 978-92-2-020126-8). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm/ (accessed Oct 2007).

Share of women in the adult labour force
Calculated by the United Nations Statistics Division based on data published by the International Labour Office in Table 1.Labour force participation rate, published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) Fourth Edition, CD-ROM version (ISBN 978-92-2-020126-8). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm/ (accessed Oct 2007).

Footnotes:

Not available.

Top

Technical notes:

Adult economic activity rate refers to the percentage of the population aged 15 and over, unless otherwise specified, which is economically active. The share of women in the adult labour force refers to the percentage of the economically active who are women.

Data on adult economic activity are compiled by the International Labour Office from a variety of national sources including labour force sample surveys, household surveys, population censuses and official estimates provided by national statistical services to ILO in publications and questionnaires.

The statistical concept of economically active population used here is that recommended by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians in 1982 and is designed to be consistent with the concept of economic production in the System of National Accounts. It defines as economically active all employed and unemployed persons, including those seeking work for the first time. It covers employers operating unincorporated enterprises, persons working on their own account, employees, unpaid contributing family workers, members of producers cooperatives and members of the armed forces. In the internationally recommended definition, production of primary products such as foodstuffs for own consumption and certain other non-monetary activities are considered economic activity and persons engaged in such production are to be considered economically active. In principle, any such work for as little as one hour a week is taken to define a person as economically active.

Specific elements of the standard concept of economically active population may differ substantially from country to country, such as the choice of time-reference period and the determination of minimum hours of work and unpaid family work, including production for own consumption. These differences may result, in particular, in the undercounting of women who are economically active. Also, in most countries the statistics of the economically active population relate only to employed and unemployed persons above a specified age while in some there is no such age provision in the definition of economic activity.

(Source: United Nations Statistics Division)

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