Gender and Development (General)


[.pdf]   GD002-Guide to Gender and Development – AusAID
The Guide has been prepared to facilitate gender planning in AusAID development programs. It is intended to be a tool to help Activity Managers and contractors effectively implement AusAID’s Gender and Development  Policy.Other donor countries use similar lists of questions, checklists and guidelines in their programs, and these have provided the basis for developing this Guide. The checklists consulted include those for  the Canadian, Finnish and Dutch International Development Agencies in addition to those for the European Commission and INSTRAW (the United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the  Advancement of Women).

[.pdf]   GD003-Gender and Development – Interpersonal Growth and Gender in Groups

Training packages produced by the CIDA-funded Canada-Nepal Gender in Organizations Project.

[.pdf]   GD007-Gender and Development – Independent Evaluation Group – World Bank

This book synthesizes IFPRI’s research on intrahousehold allocation since the publication of Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Models, Methods, and Policy, edited by Lawrence
Haddad, John Hoddinott, and Harold Alderman, in 1997.

[.pdf]   GD008-June Mapala Muleya – Gender and Development

This research report is submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Arts in Gender and Peace Building.

[.pdf]   GD013-World Development Report 2012 – Gender Equality and Development – World Bank

This Report points to four priority areas for policy going forward. First, reducing gender gaps in human capital—specifi cally those that address female mortality and education. Second, closing gender gaps in access to  economic opportunities, earnings, and productivity. Third, shrinking gender differences in voice and agency within society. Fourth, limiting the reproduction of gender inequality across generations. These are all areas where  higher incomes by themselves do little to reduce gender gaps, but focused policies can have a real impact.

[.pdf]   GD014-Busan Joint Action Plan for Gender Equality and Development – OECD

This Plan captures commitments to gender equality, women’s empowerment and women’s rights made at the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4) in Busan, Republic of Korea. Our intent is to build  momentum for implementing commitments in a timely and effective manner by expressing our support and desire to participate in post-Busan activities, as appropriate and in a coordinated way, and giving due consideration  to applicable provisions of CEDAW, the Beijing Platform for Action, and other human rights instruments.

[.pdf]   GD015-Gender – Report on Engendering Development – World Bank

Engendering Developmenpt rovidesp olicymakersd, evelopments pecialists, and civil society members many valuable lessons and tools for integrating gender into development work. The wealth of evidence and analysis presented in the report can inform the design of effectives trategies to promote equality between women and men in development.

[.pdf]   GD024-Development and Gender Equality – Consequences, Causes, Challenges and Cures – HECR

This paper reviews the economic literature that touches the role of gender in the economy, with specific focus on issues that might be expected to be the most critical for overall development.

[.pdf]   GD027- Gender Awareness and Development Manual – UNDP

This collection of training tools and exercises has been provided so that trainers can develop workshops targeted to all staff regardless of seniority level and managerial responsibilities. The content is designed to provide staff with the necessary knowledge and tools to integrate gender issues into their work.

[.pdf]   GD028-gender and development training kit- AQOCI

The kit was designed for use in training trainers, both women and men, in the Gender and Development approach.The contents of this training kit were adapted from ”Un autre genre de développement,” a document  produced by the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC), MATCH, AQOCI, in August 1991.

[.pdf]   GD033- Strategies for Promoting Gender Equity in Developing Countries – Reliefweb

On Thursday, April 26, 2007, the Woodrow Wilson Center convened a group of experts on gender and development to address the issue of gender inequality from a variety of perspectives. Panelists reflected on past   efforts to promote gender equity and discussed effective strategies for the way forward.

[.pdf]   GD037- Gender mainstreaming in development programmes and projects

This guide was produced to support the promotion of gender equality and gender mainstreaming in various development programmes and projects.The guide was drawn up on the basis of the EU’s structural fund programmes, but is suitable for everyone involved in the planning, implementation and assessment of various development programmes and projects.

[.pdf]   GD040- The Costs of Missing the Millennium Development Goal on Gender Equity

This paper is concerned with the instrumental impact of countries failing to meet theMillennium Development Goal (MDG) on gender equality. The prospect of countries failing to meet the MDG is not just a theoretical  possibility but, given our assessment of current trends, a likely outcome for some 45 countries for which data exist. The purpose of the paper is therefore to estimate to what extent these countries will suffer losses in terms of economic growth, as well as foregone reductions in fertility, child mortality, and undernutrition. Conversely, it will allow countries to assess the potential gains from adopting policies that bring them closer to meeting the goal.

[.pdf]   GD041- Gender Analysis Tools – Tamarack

GENDER ANALYSIS is a tool for examining the differences between the roles that women and men play, the different levels of power they hold, their differing needs, constraints and opportunities, and the impact of these  differences on their lives.

[.pdf]   GD048- Gender Training Toolkit – World Vision International

The aim of this Gender Training Toolkit is the systematic integration of gender equality sensitivity, awareness and analysis into World Vision ministry in every area of its work. The Gender Training Toolkit is designed as a  resource for staff with training and facilitation skills to use in the training of new trainers and local and  regional leaders.This second edition of the Gender Training Toolkit consists of eight modules, with more than 30  individual training sessions.This second edition of the Gender Training Toolkit is a resource for the World Vision Partnership, as well as for any sister agencies who may wish to adapt from these pages.

[.pdf]   GD052- Gender Equality, Poverty Eradication and the Millenium Development Goals – UNESCAP

This manuscript has been issued by the Emerging Social Issues Division of ESCAP. It is part of a series of publications previously known as the Women in Development Discussion Paper Series.This paper was delivered  by Professor Naila Kabeer, Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, as a keynote presentation for the first session of the Committee on Emerging Social Issues, Bangkok, 4 September 2003 Figures have been supplemented by World Bank sources

[.pdf]   GD053- Gender and the MDGs – Overseas Development Institute

Key points of this ODI Briefing Paper: 1) Policy dialogue on the MDGs needs to recognise that the gender dynamics of power, poverty, vulnerability and care link all the goals; 2) The achievement of the MDGs requires a coordinated policy approach that is  sensitive to gender-specific discrimination and risks 3) Gender-sensitive social protection policies offer an opportunity to link gender equality and the MDGs.

[.pdf]   GD054- Promoting Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in the Asia-Pacific – UNESCAP

This study aims to contribute to transforming the MDGs to fulfill the aspiration of CEDAW and BPfA (Beijing Platform for Action) by developing complementary indicators based on the linkages the MDGs have with CEDAW as well as with BPfA. T  The scope of work in the study includes: 1) reviewing the progress made towards the MDGs in the ESCAP region in relation to gender equality and women’s  empowerment (Chapter II), 2) providing a rationale for linking MDGs with CEDAW and BPfA (Chapter III), 3) recommending targets and indicators that can supplement existing MDG targets and indicators for the  promotion of gender equality (Chapter IV), and searching for country good practices for aligning MDGs with BPfA and CEDAW, especially by utilizing targets, indicators and other monitoring and assessment tools  (Chapter V).

[.pdf]   GD061- Gender Equality in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

The Rio + 20 Conference ‘The Future We Want’ took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June 2012. It was organized to take stock of what results have been achieved since the original United National Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), otherwise referred to as the Earth Summit, in 1992, and to address present and future challenges that are undermining sustainable development. Twenty years ago, the Earth  Summit and its outcome document, Agenda 21, fueled an optimism that led to a decade of UN conferences, including the UN Beijing Conference on Women in 1995, and world summits of the 1990’s. In 2000, governments reaffirmed their commitment to sustainable development by adopting the Millennium Declaration in 2000 and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were important indicators and benchmarks to  achieve sustainable development goals. It would be fantastic to state collectively that as a result of these efforts and others at the national and regional levels, sustainable development has moved in a positive direction.  Instead, it is widely recognized that we are very far away from where we need to be.

[.pdf]   GD090- Tackling the root causes of gender inequalities in the post-2015 development agenda

The OECD Development Centre’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI), launched in 2009, was the first attempt to capture, quantify and measure some of the social institutions that discriminate against women and  girls. The 2012 SIGI scores countries on 14 variables that are grouped into five sub-indices: Discriminatory Family Code, Restricted Physical Integrity, Son Bias, Restricted Civil Liberties and Restricted Resources and  Entitlements. This paper presents the SIGI as a framework to understand and capture discriminatory social institutions as the root causes of gender inequality. Statistical association tests show that the index provides unique  information on gender inequality, in comparison to other gender indices.i Further, regression analysis shows that higher levels of underlying discrimination against women is related to poor development outcomes such as  women’s employment, education attainment and child health, even when controlling for factors such as the level of economic development and urbanisation. These findings have clear implications for the post-2015  development agenda: any new framework should take a holistic approach to measuring gender inequality and should specifically address discriminatory social institutions.

[.pdf]   GD095- How Gender Inequalities Hinder Development – Cross-Country Evidence

This paper assumes that gender inequality hinders economic and human development: a one standard deviation change in the Gender Inequality Index (GII) will increase long term income per capita by 9.1% and the Human Development Index (HDI) by 4%. Gender inequality may be a explanation of economic development di erences : 16% of the long term income di erence between South Asia and East Asia & Paci c can be accounted for  by the di erence in gender inequality. Moreover, this paper provides evidence of a vicious circle between gender inequality and long term income. The multi-dimensional concept of gender inequality is measured by a  composite index with endogenous weightings: the Gender Inequality Index (GII). To correct endogeneity and simultaneity problems, the two-stage and three-stage least square methods are used separately. In this way, the  steady state per capita income and the human development levels are estimated for 109 developing countries.

[.pdf]   GD021-Guidelines on Gender Mainstreaming in Alternative Development – UNDCP

The guidelines are based on the outcome of gender analysis and lessons learned of the Alternative Development projects visited and the workshop held in Vienna in January 2000.

[.pdf]   GD150- CIDA’s Guide to Gender-Sensitive Indicators

This Guide explains why gender-sensitive indicators are useful tools for measuring the results of CIDA’s development initiatives. It concentrates in particular on  projects with an end-user focus, and shows how gender-sensitive indicators can and should be used in both gender integrated and WID-specific projects, and in  combination with other evaluation techniques. After introducing concepts, the Guide reviews the techniques of choosing and using indicators at the project level, so  that CIDA staff can utilize them as an instrument of results-based management.

[.pdf]   GD006-Household Decisions, Gender, and Development – IFPRI

This book synthesizes IFPRI’s research on intrahousehold allocation since the publication of Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Models, Methods, and Policy, edited by Lawrence Haddad, John Hoddinott, and Harold Alderman, in 1997.

[.pdf]   GD075- Gender Inequality and Social Development

This project  examines economic theory, literature, and empirical trends with respect to gender inequality and its effect on socioeconomic development, and determine if this policy focus on gender is necessary  for successful socioeconomic development.

[.pdf]   GD043- Making a difference – Gender and participatory development – Eldis

The study begins by exploring some of the dimensions of “participation” and “gender” in development. It goes on to draw on examples of  “participatory” projects from Africa and Asia to analyse some of the obstacles and  opportunities for women’s participation and for addressing gender issues. Some of the most trenchant critiques of the neglect of gender issues and the silencing of women’s voices in participatory projects and policy-related work focus on the practice of Participatory Rural Apraisal (PRA) (see, for example, Moose 1995; Jackson 1996; Guijt and Kaul Shah 1998).

[.pdf]   GD045- Reflections on Gender and Participatory Development – K4Health

This article, I explore some of the tensions, contradictions and complementarities between ‘‘gender-aware’’ and ‘‘participatory’’ approaches to development. I suggest that making a difference may come to depend on challenging embedded assumptions about gender and power, and on making new alliances out of old divisions, in order to build more inclusive, transformatory practice.

On Norms and Agency: Conversations about Gender Equality with Women and Men in 20 Countries

Authors: Ana María Muñoz Boudet; Patti Petesch; Carolyn Turk

Published: April 2013 –

Pages: 228

Series: Directions in Development

Opening Doors : Gender Equality and Development in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: The World Bank

Published: February 2013

Pages: 206

Series: MENA Development Report

Does Gender Inequality Hinder Development and Economic Growth? Evidence and Policy Implications

Journal title: >World Bank Research Observer, volume 28, issue 1

Authors: Oriana Bandiera; Ashwini Natraj

Pages: 20

Equality for Women
Where Do We Stand?

Editors: Mayra Buvinic; Andrew R. Morrison; Mirja Sjoblom; A. Waafas Ofosu-Amaah

Published: September 2008

Pages: 353

The Measurement Of Inequality Of Opportunity: Theory And An Application To Latin America

Authors: Ferreira, Francisco H. G.; Gignoux, Jeremie

Published: July 2008

Pages: 55

Institutional Pathways to Equity
Addressing Inequality Traps

Editors: Michael Walton; Anthony J. Bebbington; Anis A. Dani; Arjan de Haan

Published: April 2008

Pages: 255

Attitudes To Equality: The “Socialist Legacy” Revisited

Authors: Murthi, Mamta; Tiongson, Erwin R.

Published: February 2008

Pages: 28