International Labour Office, Table 5. Part-time workers, published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) Fifth Edition, CD-ROM version (ISBN 978-92-2-020126-8). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm/ (accessed Oct 2007).
This table presents statistics on part-time workers—i.e. employed person whose normal hours of work are less than those of comparable “full-time” workers (see definition below). The percentage of the female and male employment that is part-time refers, respectively, to the proportion of the total female and total male adult labour force comprised of part-time workers. Looking at part-time employment by sex is useful to see the extent to which the female labour force is more likely to work part-time than the male labour force.
The women’s share of part-time employment refers to the percentage of the total part-time employment that is comprised by women. This indicator is useful to monitor the concentration of women in part-time employment.
In using these indicators for international comparisons it should be noted that there is no internationally accepted standard for the minimum number of hours worked per week that would constitute full-time work. The distinction between “full-time” and “part-time” employment is therefore established on a country-by-country basis or in special regional compilations. Many countries have established demarcation points that lie between 30 and 40 hours per week. Other countries classify part-time and full-time workers on the basis of respondents’ interpretations of their personal work situations—i.e. whether they view themselves as full-time or as part-time jobholders.
(Source: United Nations Statistics Division)