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Work – Adult Unemployment

Unemployment rate, by sex

Table 5d. Adult unemployment
Last update: December 2012
  Adult (15+) unemployment rate
Country or area Year Men Women Source
Afghanistan 2005 7,6 9,5 HS
Albania 2009 a 12,2 15,9 LFS
Algeria 2010 8,1 19,1 LFS
American Samoa 2000 b 4,9 6,0 PC
Anguilla 2002 c,d 6,3 9,5 HS
Antigua and Barbuda 2001 8,0 8,8 PC
Argentina 2011 e 6,2 8,5 LFS
Aruba 2007 5,0 6,5 HS
Australia 2011 d 4,9 5,3 LFS
Austria 2011 4,0 4,3 LFS
Azerbaijan 2011 d 4,5 6,4 LFS
Bahamas 2011 13,6 13,7 LFS
Bahrain 2004 5,6 20,0 LFS
Bangladesh 2009 4,2 7,4 LFS
Barbados 2011 9,8 12,5 HS
Belgium 2011 7,1 7,2 ELFS
Benin 2002 0,9 0,4 PC
Bermuda 2000 3,1 2,3 PC
Bhutan 2011 1,8 4,5 LFS
Bolivia 2009 2,6 4,4 HS
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2011 26,0 29,9 LFS
Botswana 2006 f,g 15,3 19,9 HS
Brazil 2009 6,1 11,0 LFS
Brunei Darussalam 1991 3,7 6,7 PC
Bulgaria 2011 12,3 10,0 ELFS
Burundi 1990 0,7 0,3 PC
Cambodia 2011 a 0,3 0,1 SES
Cameroon 2010 h 3,1 4,5 LFS
Canada 2011 d,i 7,8 7,0 LFS
Cape Verde 1990 23,3 22,6 PC
Cayman Islands 2008 d 3,8 4,1 HS
Chad 1993 a 1,1 0,3 PC
Chile 2011 6,1 8,7 LFS
China, Hong Kong SAR 2011 d,j 3,9 2,8 LFS
China, Macao SAR  2011 b,d 3,0 2,1 LFS
Colombia 2010 h 9,1 15,0 HS
Comoros 1991 g 21,3 16,9 PC
Cook Islands 2001 11,7 14,8 PC
Costa Rica 2011 6,0 10,3 HS
Croatia 2011 13,7 13,2 ELFS
Cuba 2010 k 2,4 2,7 HS
Cyprus 2011 7,8 7,7 ELFS
Czech Republic 2011 5,8 7,9 LFS
Denmark 2011 7,7 7,5 ELFS
Djibouti 2002 54,6 68,6 OE
Dominica 2001 12,0 9,5 PC
Dominican Republic 2010 9,3 16,4 HS
Egypt 2010 a,d 4,9 22,6 HS
El Salvador 2010 b 8,4 5,1 HS
Equatorial Guinea 1983 l 27,4 18,5 PC
Estonia 2011 m 13,1 11,8 ELFS
Ethiopia 2006 d,n 11,7 22,6 HS
Faeroe Islands 2005 b 2,6 3,9 HS
Fiji 2007 6,4 12,9 PC
Finland 2011 m 8,3 7,1 LFS
France 2011 8,8 9,7 ELFS
Gabon 1993 19,1 16,1 PC
Georgia 2011 d 16,7 13,1 HS
Germany 2011 6,2 5,6 LFS
Ghana 2006 a 3,5 3,6 LSS
Gibraltar 1991 7,7 4,0 PC
Greece 2011 14,9 21,4 ELFS
Greenland 2006 10,0 6,7 OE
Grenada 2001 9,6 10,9 HS
Guadeloupe 2011 19,1 25,8
Guam 2002 b,d 12,8 9,8 HS
Guatemala 2011 o 2,9 6,6 LFS
Guinea 1994 p,o 4,6 1,7 HS
Guyana 2011 j 17,2 25,7
Haiti 1999 6,2 8,3 HS
Honduras 2010 4,3 5,6 HS
Hungary 2011 m 11,0 10,9 LFS
Iceland 2011 q 7,8 6,2 LFS
India 2010 r,s 3,3 4,3 HS
Iran, Islamic Republic of 2008 9,1 16,8 HS
Iraq 2006 16,2 22,5 HS
Ireland 2011 17,4 10,6 ELFS
Isle of Man 2006 2,8 2,0 PC
Israel 2011 5,6 5,6 LFS
Italy 2011 7,6 9,6 ELFS
Jamaica 2011 t 9,6 17,2 LFS
Japan 2011 4,8 4,1 LFS
Jordan 2011 11,0 21,2 LFS
Kazakhstan 2011 d 4,6 6,2 LFS
Kosovo 2009 a,d 56,4 40,7 LFS
Kuwait 2005 2,0 1,8 PC
Kyrgyzstan 2008 7,3 9,4 HS
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 2005 1,3 1,4 PC
Latvia 2011 m 17,6 13,1 ELFS
Lebanon 2007 8,6 10,1 HS
Lesotho 2008 a 23,0 28,0 LFS
Liberia 2010 3,4 4,1 LFS
Lithuania 2011 17,8 13,0 ELFS
Luxembourg 2011 3,8 6,3 ELFS
Madagascar 2005 d 1,7 3,5 HS
Malawi 2004 c,o 5,4 10,0 HS
Malaysia 2010 a 3,3 3,6 LFS
Maldives 2006 f 7,9 23,8 PC
Mali 2004 7,2 10,9 HS
Malta 2011 6,1 7,0 ELFS
Marshall Islands 1999 27,6 37,3 PC
Martinique 2011 j 19,0 22,5
Mauritania 2008 a,d 23,9 44,0 HS
Mauritius 2011 b 5,2 12,3 LFS
Mexico 2011 5,3 5,2 LFS
Monaco 2000 v,u 2,5 5,2 PC
Mongolia 2005 w 3,0 3,6 OE
Montenegro 2011 19,5 20,0 LFS
Morocco 2011 8,4 10,2 LFS
Mozambique 1997 p 3,4 1,3 PC
Myanmar 1990 h,o 4,7 8,8 HS
Namibia 2008 32,5 43,0 LFS
Nepal 2008 3,1 2,4 LFS
Netherlands 2011 4,5 4,4 ELFS
Netherlands Antilles 2008 x 8,0 12,5 HS
New Zealand 2011 d,y 6,3 6,8 LFS
Nicaragua 2010 7,4 8,8 HS
Niger 2001 1,7 0,9 PC
Nigeria 1986 d 3,7 4,4 HS
Northern Mariana Islands 2005 b 7,3 5,8 HS
Norway 2011 m 3,4 3,1 LFS
Occupied Palestinian Territory 2010 23,1 26,8 LFS
Pakistan 2008 d 4,0 8,7 HS
Palau 2005 b 3,7 4,9 PC
Panama 2011 4,2 4,9 HS
Papua New Guinea 2000 h,c 4,3 1,3 PC
Paraguay 2011 h,z 4,4 7,4 HS
Peru 2011 t,a1 5,8 10,1 HS
Poland 2011 9,0 10,4 LFS
Portugal 2011 12,4 13,1 LFS
Puerto Rico 2011 d,b 18,2 12,8 LFS
Qatar 2011 0,2 3,3 LFS
Republic of Korea 2011 d 3,6 3,1 LFS
Republic of Moldova 2011 7,7 5,6 LFS
Réunion 2011 j 27,6 31,8
Romania 2011 7,9 6,8 ELFS
Russian Federation 2011 b1 7,0 6,2 LFS
Rwanda 1996 a 0,9 0,4 HS
Saint Helena 1998 c1 20,2 15,1 PC
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2001 4,3 5,9 HS
Saint Lucia 2007 10,0 18,5 LFS
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1991 18,3 21,4 PC
Samoa 2001 4,4 6,2 PC
San Marino 2007 w 1,2 4,5 OE
Sao Tome and Principe 2006 w 11,0 24,5 OE
Saudi Arabia 2009 3,5 15,9 LFS
Senegal 2006 7,9 13,6 HS
Serbia 2010 18,3 20,4 LFS
Serbia and Montenegro 2003 c,d1 14,4 16,4 HS
Seychelles 2005 d 6,1 4,9 LFS
Sierra Leone 2004 4,5 2,3 PC
Singapore 2011 e1 2,6 3,2 LFS
Slovakia 2011 13,5 13,5 LFS
Slovenia 2011 8,2 8,2 LFS
Solomon Islands 1999 31,0 33,7 PC
South Africa 2011 22,3 27,7 HS
Spain 2011 b 21,2 22,2 LFS
Sri Lanka 2010 d,f1 3,5 7,7 LFS
Suriname 2004 7,0 13,7 PC
Swaziland 1997 20,0 26,0 PC
Sweden 2011 q 7,6 7,5 LFS
Switzerland 2011 3,7 4,5 LFS
Syrian Arab Republic 2010 d 5,7 22,5 LFS
TFYR of Macedonia 2011 31,8 30,8 ELFS
Thailand 2011 d,g1 0,7 0,6 LFS
Trinidad and Tobago 2008 3,5 6,2 HS
Turkey 2011 d 9,2 11,3 LFS
Tuvalu 2005 4,9 8,6 PC
Uganda 2009 h1 3,1 5,1 HS
Ukraine 2011 8,8 6,8 LFS
United Arab Emirates 2008 2,0 12,0 HS
United Kingdom 2011 b 8,4 7,1 LFS
United Republic of Tanzania 2006 h 2,8 5,8 HS
United States 2011 b,d,i1 9,4 8,5 LFS
Uruguay 2011 4,5 7,7 LFS
Vanuatu 2009 4,1 5,2 PC
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 2011 7,7 9,3 LFS
Viet Nam 2011 1,7 2,4 LFS
Zimbabwe 2004 4,2 4,1 LFS

Footnotes
Source not available
a Refers to age group 15-64
b Refers to age group 16+
c Labour force is calculated from the number of unemployed and the unemployment rate. As a result, male and female may not add to both sexes.
d Refers to civilian labour force.
e 31 urban agglomerations
f Excluding conscripts
g Refers to age group 12+
h Refers to age group 10+
i Excluding the territories of Yukon, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories
j Excluding institutional population
k Data for males refers to ages 17-59 and data for females to ages 17-54.
l Refers to age group 6+
m Refers to age group 15-74
n Urban areas
o Coverage not specified.
p Refers to age group 7+
q Refers to age group 16-74
r Excluding Leh and Kargil of Jammu and Kashmi districts, some villages in Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
s Data are based on the national sample survey conducted every five years.
t Refers to age group 14+
u The size of the Census sample tabulation is not specified.
v Refers to age group 17+
w Age group not specified
x Curaçao
y Excluding Chathams, Antarctic Territory and other minor offshore islands
z Excluding the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay
a1 Metropolitan Lima
b1 Refers to age group 15-72
c1 Refers to age group 15-69
d1 Excluding Kosovo and Metohia
e1 Data refer to permanent residents.
f1 Excluding the Northern province
g1 Labor force includes seasonally inactive people. Unemployment includes people available but not looking for work.
h1 Refers to age group 14-64
i1 Excluding Puerto Rico, Guam, the US Virgin Islands and American Samoa
Sources:
International Labour Office, Table 8a. Unemployment (LFS), published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm.
HS       Household or labour force survey
LFS      Labour Force Survey
PC       Population census 
SES     Socio-economic survey
OE       Official estimate
ELFS    European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat)
LSS     Living standards survey
Technical notes:
The adult unemployment rate refers to the proportion of the adult (aged 15 years and older) labour force that is unemployed, unless otherwise specified. The unemployed are persons who are currently without work, who are currently available for work, and who are seeking or have sought work recently. The base for these statistics is the labour force (that is, the economically active portion of the population), not the total population.
The International Conference of Labour Statisticians adopted the following definition of the unemployed as an international recommendation in 1982: All persons who during the reference period were: (1) « without work », that is, were not in paid employment or self-employment as specified by the international definition of employment; (2) « currently available for work », that is, were available for paid employment or self-employment during the reference period; or (3) « seeking work », that is, had taken specific steps in a specified recent period to seek paid employment or self-employment.
National definitions of unemployment may differ from the recommended international standard definition. The national definitions used vary from one country to another as regards inter alia age limits, reference periods, criteria for seeking work, treatment of persons temporarily laid off and of persons seeking work for the first time. Inter-country comparisons are further hampered by the variety of types of sources used to obtain information on unemployment and the differences in the scope and coverage of such sources.
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