Work – Economic Activity

Work – Economic Activity

Adult (15+) economic activity rate, by sex
Share of women in adult labour force

Table 5a. Economic activity
Last update: December 2012
Adult (15+) economic activity rate Percentage of women in adult labor force
Country or area Year Women Men %
Afghanistan 2011 16 80 15
Albania 2011 50 71 42
Algeria 2011 15 72 17
Angola 2011 63 77 46
Argentina 2011 47 75 40
Armenia 2011 49 70 46
Australia 2011 59 72 45
Austria 2011 54 68 46
Azerbaijan 2011 62 69 49
Bahamas 2011 69 79 49
Bahrain 2011 39 87 19
Bangladesh 2011 57 84 40
Barbados 2011 65 76 47
Belarus 2011 50 63 49
Belgium 2011 48 61 45
Belize 2011 48 82 38
Benin 2011 67 78 48
Bhutan 2011 66 77 42
Bolivia 2011 64 81 45
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2011 35 59 40
Botswana 2011 72 82 46
Brazil 2011 60 81 44
Brunei Darussalam 2011 56 77 42
Bulgaria 2011 49 60 47
Burkina Faso 2011 78 90 48
Burundi 2011 84 82 52
Cambodia 2011 79 87 50
Cameroon 2011 64 77 46
Canada 2011 62 71 47
Cape Verde 2011 51 83 39
Central African Republic 2011 73 85 47
Chad 2011 64 80 45
Chile 2011 47 74 40
China 2011 68 80 45
China, Hong Kong SAR 2011 51 68 46
China, Macau SAR 2011 67 77 49
Colombia 2011 56 80 43
Comoros 2011 35 80 30
Congo 2011 68 73 49
Costa Rica 2011 46 79 36
Côte d’Ivoire 2011 52 81 38
Croatia 2011 46 60 46
Cuba 2011 43 70 38
Cyprus 2011 57 72 43
Czech Republic 2011 50 68 43
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 2011 72 84 48
Democratic Republic of Congo 2011 70 73 50
Denmark 2011 60 69 47
Djibouti 2011 36 67 35
Dominican Republic 2011 51 79 40
East Timor 2011 38 74 33
Ecuador 2011 54 83 40
Egypt 2011 24 74 24
El Salvador 2011 47 79 42
Equatorial Guinea 2011 81 92 45
Eritrea 2011 80 90 49
Estonia 2011 57 68 50
Ethiopia 2011 78 90 47
Fiji 2011 39 80 33
Finland 2011 56 64 48
France 2011 51 62 47
French Guiana 2011 54 65 46
French Polynesia 2011 48 67 41
Gabon 2011 56 65 46
Gambia 2011 72 83 48
Georgia 2011 56 74 47
Germany 2011 53 67 46
Ghana 2011 67 72 48
Greece 2011 45 65 42
Guadeloupe 2011 54 65 49
Guam 2011 47 74 38
Guatemala 2011 49 88 38
Guinea 2011 65 78 45
Guinea-Bissau 2011 68 78 47
Guyana 2011 42 79 35
Haiti 2011 60 71 47
Honduras 2011 42 83 34
Hungary 2011 44 58 46
Iceland 2011 71 78 47
India 2011 29 81 25
Indonesia 2011 51 84 38
Iran, Islamic Republic of 2011 16 73 18
Iraq 2011 15 69 18
Ireland 2011 53 69 44
Israel 2011 53 62 47
Italy 2011 38 60 40
Jamaica 2011 56 72 45
Japan 2011 49 72 42
Jordan 2011 16 66 18
Kazakhstan 2011 67 77 49
Kenya 2011 62 72 46
Kuwait 2011 43 82 24
Kyrgyzstan 2011 56 79 43
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 2011 77 80 50
Latvia 2011 55 67 50
Lebanon 2011 23 71 26
Lesotho 2011 59 73 46
Liberia 2011 58 64 48
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 2011 30 77 28
Lithuania 2011 54 64 50
Luxembourg 2011 49 65 44
Madagascar 2011 83 89 49
Malawi 2011 85 81 51
Malaysia 2011 44 77 36
Maldives 2011 56 77 42
Mali 2011 37 70 35
Malta 2011 35 67 35
Martinique 2011 48 55 51
Mauritania 2011 29 79 27
Mauritius 2011 44 76 38
Mexico 2011 44 81 37
Mongolia 2011 54 66 46
Morocco 2011 26 75 27
Mozambique 2011 86 83 53
Myanmar 2011 75 82 49
Namibia 2011 59 70 46
Nepal 2011 80 88 49
Netherlands 2011 58 71 46
Netherlands Antilles 2011 57 69 50
New Caledonia 2011 47 68 41
New Zealand 2011 62 74 47
Nicaragua 2011 47 80 38
Niger 2011 40 90 31
Nigeria 2011 48 63 43
Norway 2011 62 70 47
Occupied Palestinian Territory 2011 15 66 18
Oman 2011 28 82 18
Pakistan 2011 23 83 21
Panama 2011 50 83 37
Papua New Guinea 2011 71 74 48
Paraguay 2011 58 86 40
Peru 2011 68 85 45
Philippines 2011 50 79 39
Poland 2011 48 64 45
Portugal 2011 57 68 47
Puerto Rico 2011 36 55 42
Qatar 2011 52 95 12
Republic of Korea 2011 49 71 41
Republic of Moldova 2011 38 45 49
Réunion 2011 52 64 46
Romania 2011 49 65 45
Russian Federation 2011 56 71 49
Rwanda 2011 86 85 52
Saint Lucia 2011 64 77 48
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2011 56 78 41
Samoa 2011 43 78 34
Sao Tome and Principe 2011 44 77 38
Saudi Arabia 2011 18 74 15
Senegal 2011 66 88 44
Serbia and Montenegro 2011 47 63 43
Sierra Leone 2011 66 69 51
Singapore 2011 57 77 42
Slovakia 2011 51 68 45
Slovenia 2011 53 65 46
Solomon Islands 2011 53 80 38
Somalia 2011 38 77 34
South Africa 2011 44 61 43
Spain 2011 52 67 44
Sri Lanka 2011 35 76 32
Sudan 2011 31 77 29
Suriname 2011 41 69 37
Swaziland 2011 44 71 40
Sweden 2011 59 68 47
Switzerland 2011 61 75 46
Syrian Arab Republic 2011 13 72 15
Tajikistan 2011 57 75 45
TFYR of Macedonia 2011 43 69 39
Thailand 2011 64 80 46
Togo 2011 80 81 50
Tonga 2011 54 75 43
Trinidad and Tobago 2011 55 78 43
Tunisia 2011 26 70 27
Turkey 2011 28 71 29
Turkmenistan 2011 46 76 39
Uganda 2011 76 80 49
Ukraine 2011 53 67 49
United Arab Emirates 2011 44 92 15
United Kingdom 2011 56 69 46
United Republic of Tanzania 2011 88 90 50
United States 2011 58 70 46
United States Virgin Islands 2011 54 72 46
Uruguay 2011 56 77 45
Uzbekistan 2011 48 75 40
Vanuatu 2011 61 80 43
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 2011 52 80 40
Viet Nam 2011 73 81 48
Yemen 2011 25 72 26
Zambia 2011 73 86 46
Zimbabwe 2011 83 90 49
Sources:
Adult economic activity rate
International Labour Office, Table 1. Labour force participation rate, published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm.
Share of women in the adult labour force
Calculated by the United Nations Statistics Division based on data published by the International Labour Office in Table 1. Labour force participation rate, published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM). Also available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm.
 

Technical notes:

Adult economic activity rate refers to the percentage of the population aged 15 and over, unless otherwise specified, which is economically active. The share of women in the adult labour force refers to the percentage of the economically active who are women.
Data on adult economic activity are compiled by the International Labour Office from a variety of national sources including labour force sample surveys, household surveys, population censuses and official estimates provided by national statistical services to ILO in publications and questionnaires.
The statistical concept of economically active population used here is that recommended by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians in 1982 and is designed to be consistent with the concept of economic production in the System of National Accounts. It defines as economically active all employed and unemployed persons, including those seeking work for the first time. It covers employers operating unincorporated enterprises, persons working on their own account, employees, unpaid contributing family workers, members of producers cooperatives and members of the armed forces. In the internationally recommended definition, production of primary products such as foodstuffs for own consumption and certain other non-monetary activities are considered economic activity and persons engaged in such production are to be considered economically active. In principle, any such work for as little as one hour a week is taken to define a person as economically active.
Specific elements of the standard concept of economically active population may differ substantially from country to country, such as the choice of time-reference period and the determination of minimum hours of work and unpaid family work, including production for own consumption. These differences may result, in particular, in the undercounting of women who are economically active. Also, in most countries the statistics of the economically active population relate only to employed and unemployed persons above a specified age while in some there is no such age provision in the definition of economic activity.