Work – Part Time Employment

Work – Part Time Employment

Percentage of adult employment that is part-time, by sex
Women’s share of part-time employment

Table 5b. Part-time employment
Latest update: June 2013
  Percentage of adult employment that is part-time Women’s share of part-time employment
Country or area Year Women Men % Source
Albania 2001 a,b,c,d 50,2 46,1 39,7 O
Argentina 2011 e,f,g,h 31,3 11,9 64,8 LFS
Armenia 2008 b,i,j 30,1 19,0 56,2 LFS
Aruba 1994 e,k,j 12,3 4,0 71,0 HS
Australia 2011 l,b,f,m,n 38,5 13,2 70,9 LFS
Austria 2011 b,f,d,o 32,8 7,0 80,2 LFS
Azerbaijan 2003 l,b,f,d 24,3 13,3 56,6 HS
Bahamas 2002 l,b,k,j 11,9 9,6 53,9 HS
Bahrain 2004 e,i,j 2,8 2,2 25,1 LFS
Belgium 2011 b,f,d 32,4 7,0 79,9 ELFS
Belize 1999 p,c,d 25,5 12,0 48,9 HS
Bhutan 2011 p,f,j 11,5 7,1 59,6 LFS
Bolivia 2009 e,f,g 30,7 17,3 58,9 HS
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2011 e,i,j 11,6 9,6 LFS
Botswana 2006 b,c,d 15,4 11,7 54,7 LFS
Brazil 2009 b,f,j 28,1 10,1 67,5 LFS
British Virgin Islands 1991 p,q,j,r 14,2 7,8 58,6 PC
Bulgaria 2011 s,i,j 2,6 2,1 52,5 ELFS
Canada 2011 l,b,f,d,t 27,2 12,9 66,6 LFS
Chile 2011 b,f,d 25,5 11,8 58,7 LFS
China, Hong Kong 2011 l,m,p,c 15,8 11,7 55,5 HS
China, Macao SAR 2004 l,p,c,d 9,2 7,9 51,0 HS
Colombia 2010 e,f,g 28,0 12,7 60,0 HS
Costa Rica 2011 e,f,d,u 27,8 11,4 59,5 HS
Croatia 2011 s,i,j 11,9 7,2 58,0 ELFS
Cyprus 2011 s,i,j 12,8 7,0 60,6 ELFS
Czech Republic 2011 b,f,d 6,6 1,9 72,9 LFS
Denmark 2011 b,f,d 25,2 13,8 62,1 ELFS
Dominica 1997 p,f,j,r 27,8 11,7 64,6 HS
Dominican Republic 2010 e,f,g 16,4 11,8 50,5 HS
Ecuador 2010 e,f,g 24,4 13,8 52,8 HS
El Salvador 2010 e,f,g 23,4 14,8 53,6 HS
Estonia 2011 e,f,j 12,4 5,1 71,5 LFS
Ethiopia 2004 l,b,c,m,v 28,4 16,8 56,2 HS
Finland 2011 b,f,m 16,0 9,6 61,0 LFS
France 2011 b,f,d 22,1 5,9 77,2 ELFS
French Guiana 2012 j,e,f,w 28,4 12,4 66,4
Georgia 2004 l,b,c,m 50,5 36,5 56,2 HS
Germany 2011 b,f,d 38,0 8,5 79,2 ELFS
Greece 2011 b,f,d 14,0 5,6 62,8 ELFS
Grenada 1998 p,k,j,r 35,5 30,2 45,6 HS
Guadeloupe 2012 j,e,f,w 25,6 16,0 62,9
Guatemala 2003 p,f,d,r 37,8 9,5 69,9 HS
Honduras 2003 p,f,g,x,r 35,0 16,0 53,0 HS
Hungary 2011 b,d,f 6,4 3,4 61,7 LFS
Iceland 2011 b,f,m 24,1 10,4 68,0 LFS
Indonesia 2003 p,c,m 31,0 16,7 44,3 HS
Ireland 2011 b,d,f 39,3 12,6 74,9 ELFS
Israel 2011 b,f,j,y 21,0 7,0 73,5 LFS
Italy 2011 b,d,f 31,3 6,6 76,6 ELFS
Jamaica 2002 l,p,k,j 12,9 9,9 52,3 HS
Japan 2011 p,c,m 34,8 10,3 71,0 LFS
Latvia 2011 j,i,s 10,8 7,5 59,5 ELFS
Lithuania 2011 j,i,s 10,4 6,8 61,7 ELFS
Luxembourg 2011 b,d,f 30,2 5,0 82,2 ELFS
Madagascar 2001 b,c,d,z 27,0 17,5 59,3 HS
Malta 2011 j,i,s 25,6 6,5 67,4 ELFS
Martinique 2012 j,e,f,w 23,4 9,9 72,2
Mauritius 2004 a,p,c,d 39,1 23,8 44,4 O
Mexico 2011 b,f,d 27,7 12,5 57,1 LFS
Montenegro 2012 j,i,s 4,2 4,1 44,0 LFS
Namibia 1997 a,b,f,m 26,5 8,4 70,6 LFS
Netherlands 2011 b,f,d 60,5 17,1 75,3 ELFS
Netherlands Antilles 1998 p,f,j,r 18,7 7,1 68,8 HS
New Zealand 2011 l,b,f,m,a1 34,3 11,2 73,0 LFS
Nicaragua 2010 e,f,g 43,0 21,0 59,1 HS
Norway 2011 b,f,m,a2 30,0 11,0 71,1 LFS
Panama 2010 e,f,g 24,2 15,6 48,2 HS
Paraguay 2010 e,f,g 31,1 14,0 57,8 HS
Poland 2011 b,f,d 12,4 4,9 67,4 LFS
Portugal 2011 b,f,d 14,4 8,8 59,5 ELFS
Republic of Korea 2011 l,p,f,m,a3 18,5 10,0 56,6 LFS
Republic of Moldova 2004 a,p,c,j 31,9 21,8 61,3
Réunion 2012 j,e,f,w 34,7 16,6 64,3
Romania 2011 s,i,j 11,5 9,6 49,5 ELFS
Russian Federation 2011 d,b,f 5,4 2,8 65,3 LFS
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2001 p,f,j 21,0 18,8 41,1 PC
Samoa 2008 e,j,i,a4 1,2 1,8 IES
Slovakia 2011 b,f,d 5,7 2,7 61,7 LFS
Slovenia 2011 a,e,f,j 10,9 6,7 58,0 LFS
South Africa 2011 b,f,d 11,2 5,0 63,2 HS
Spain 2011 b,f,d 21,9 5,5 76,6 ELFS
Suriname 1998 p,f,j,a5 31,9 12,4 59,3 HS
Sweden 2011 b,f,d 18,4 9,8 62,8 LFS
Switzerland 2011 b,f,d 45,5 9,4 80,1 LFS
Syrian Arab Republic 2010 l,p,f,m 13,3 6,6 27,4 HS
Thailand 2000 l,b,f,m 7,5 6,5 48,6 HS
TFYR of Macedonia 2011 s,i,j 7,1 5,7 44,9 ELFS
Tonga 2003 p,c,d 44,2 36,9 45,3 LFS
Trinidad and Tobago 2002 p,k,j,r 9,5 6,9 44,9 HS
Turkey 2011 l,b,f,m 24,3 6,6 60,0 LFS
United Kingdom 2011 b,f,d 39,3 11,7 74,7 ELFS
Uruguay 2010 e,f,g,v 27,8 12,8 64,9 HS
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 2010 e,f,g 16,4 6,5 61,7 HS
Zimbabwe 2004 l,p,d,a6 21,0 17,0 53,9 HS
Footnotes
Not available
a Coverage not available.
b Usual hours measured.
c 35 part-time hours cut-off.
d Main job covered.
e Hours measured not available.
f 30 part-time hours cut-off.
g Primary and secondary jobs covered.
h 31 urban agglomerations.
i Part time hours cut-off is not available
j Jobs covered not specified.
k 32 part-time hours cut-off.
l Refers to civilian labour force only.
m All jobs covered.
n Excluding Jervis Bay Territory.
o Excluding employed persons with working time which varies considerably.
p Actual hours measured.
q 34 part-time hours cut-off
r Total employment excludes persons whose hours of work are unknown.
s Self-declared hours measured.
t Excluding the territories of Yukon, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories
u Excluding contributing family workers
v Urban areas.
w Excluding institutional population
x Excluding the province of Islas de la Bahía.
y Depedent employment
z Seven main cities.
a1 Excluding Chathams, Antarctic Territory and other minor offshore islands.
a2 Usual hours refer to settled hours as determined by working agreements.
a3 Excluding contributing family workers working less than 18 hours per week.
a4 Only paid part-time employment
a5 Total employment excludes persons whose hours of work are unknown but worked more than 20 hours per week.
a6 25 part-time hours cut-off.
Sources:
International Labour Office, Table 5. Part-time workers, published in Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM),available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm. The list of countries or areas as well as the related years are the one reported by ILO.
O       Other
LFS    Labour Force Survey
ELFS  European Labour Force Survey (EUROSTAT)
HS     Household or Labour Force Survey
PC     Population Census
IES    Household income and expenditure survey
Technical notes:
This table presents statistics on part-time workers—i.e. employed person whose normal hours of work are less than those of comparable “full-time” workers (see definition below). The percentage of the female and male employment that is part-time refers, respectively, to the proportion of the total female and total male adult (aged 15 and above) labour force comprised of part-time workers. Looking at part-time employment by sex is useful to see the extent to which the female labour force is more likely to work part-time than the male labour force.
The women’s share of part-time employment refers to the percentage of the total part-time employment that is comprised by women. This indicator is useful to monitor the concentration of women in part-time employment.
In using these indicators for international comparisons it should be noted that there is no internationally accepted standard for the minimum number of hours worked per week that would constitute full-time work. The distinction between “full-time” and “part-time” employment is therefore established on a country-by-country basis or in special regional compilations. Many countries have established demarcation points that lie between 30 and 40 hours per week. Other countries classify part-time and full-time workers on the basis of respondents’ interpretations of their personal work situations—i.e. whether they view themselves as full-time or as part-time jobholders.